azawad région mali
Mali is said to be the most dangerous active deployment for UN troops – 60 UN peacekeepers have been killed in the country so far.Meanwhile, the heavily armed military presence of the French and U.S. governments in Mali suggests that the battle will go on. They just wanted to establish Islamic rule. At the time, Tuaregs were highly discriminated against and lagged behind others in terms of the distribution of state benefits. The rest of Mali is shown in dark grey. “As long as we are not associated with the process, it will be difficult to obtain peace” claims Abdoul Aziz Diallo, president of Tabital Pulaaku, an organization established by the Peul activists.The National Alliance for the Safeguarding of Peul Identity and the Restoration of Justice, better known as ANSIPRJ, announced its emergence as a military force recently. This consequently brought this region to declare himself independent (Azawad region), nevertheless they were not legally recognised by Bamako. “We have a deep-rooted and bitter history. Ever since then we have never stopped struggling. It raises certain important questions about how much these global superpowers know about the conflict going on in a foreign country.Mali has become a model for bad governance: freedom of speech has been denied, and due to the poorly-equipped and incapable army, the country is unable to provide security for its own citizens. The north of Mali felt disregarded by the government, as they believed that this national administration did not supply the basic necessity of the northern population. We fought French imperial forces until they left. As per the need of the hour, France should encourage the Sahel states through diplomatic initiatives and adopt a regional approach to fight In order to restore stability in the region, there is a pressing need to create an enabling condition that allows Tuaregs to look after their own situation. The first Tuareg rebellion took place in 1962-64. During this period, Tuaregs were greatly oppressed by the government of ‘Modibo Keita,’ who came to power after the French departed. Neighboring countries have offered military assistance only if the country returns to democracy , and have suspended Mali's membership in the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS) while imposing tough … The Tuareg Rebellion of 2012 was an early stage of the Northern Mali conflict; from January to April 2012, a war was waged against the Malian government by rebels with the goal of attaining independence for the northern region of Mali, known as Azawad. The insurgency commenced in January 2012 following an attack in the Kidal province in the north of the country near the border with Algeria. There are about two million Tuareg living in Mali, Niger, Libya, Algeria, and Chad. They formed the “National Movement for Liberation of Azawad” or MNLA in 2011 as the political-military platform to continue their fight for self-rule.Just one year after the formation of MNLA, the Tuaregs toppled the Malian government forces in March 2012 and declared the independent state of Azawad in what had been northern Mali. The region is mostly desert-like. The name translates to Savannah. The Tuaregs and Arabs who lived in Bamako and elsewhere in "South" Mali have been subjects of a rash of ethnic attacks by "black Malians" (as opposed to Mediterranean Arabs and racially mixed Tuaregs), despite many of them being hostile to Azawad separatism as well as the Islamists. France is deploying special military forces in the country under the pretext of protecting civilians from various extremist groups – risking the ‘Afghanistization’ of Mali.Over the years, the Sahara has seen several ethnic movements against colonization, and industrialization, which have been mercilessly suppressed and uprooted by the superpowers. Interestingly, in 1982 Gaddafi declared Libya to be the home country and place of origin of all Tuaregs. “At the beginning, this was essentially a political movement, but with the return of the Tuareg from Libya it became military as well as political,” remarks Pierre Boilley, a professor of Contemporary African History at the University of Paris.Colonel Meshkenani Ag Bela of MNLA is the fourth generation of his family to rise up against Mali and its forerunner colonial friends. Therefore, we have gathered a national liberation movement to put in an army capable of securing our land and an executive office capable of forming democratic institutions.”Nonetheless, the independence declaration proved premature. The agreement also provides for increased representation of the regions of Azawad in Malian state institutions, along with greater economic investment.However, all of these promises from Mali for greater political autonomy for the Tuaregs in the north have never materialized. Take for the instance of the ‘Trans-Sahara Counter-But the presence of U.S. armed forces in Mali is not a big concern for the radical groups operating there.
The Tuareg homeland has the largest energy deposits in Africa. Issues such as climate change and a rooted background of forced modernization onto the northern Nomadic areas of Mali have caused much tension between the Tuareg peoples and the Malian government.The MNLA is an offshoot of a Tuareg political movement known as the National Movement for Azawad (MNA) prior to the 2012 insurgency.The strength of this uprising and the use of heavy weapons, which were not present in the previous conflicts, were said to have "surprised" Malian officials and observers. The Azawad movement by the indigenous Tuareg communities in Mali is one such example.The Tuareg people have been living in the harsh conditions of the Sahara for millennia.
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